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Every year, nearly 30 million babies are born too soon, too small or become sick and need specialized care to survive, according to reports done by a global coalition that includes UNICEF and WHO.   

Report found that among sick newborn babies (neonates) most at risk of death or disability are those with complications from prematurity, brain injury during childbirth, severe bacterial infection or jaundice, and those with congenital conditions. In 2020, there are approximately 6700 newborn deaths every day globally, amounting to 47% of all child deaths under the age of 5 years, up from 40% in 1990.  Top 3 countries with the highest number of neonates death in 2020 are: India (490,000), Nigeria (271,000), Pakistan (244,000).  China’s neonatal fatality is around 56,000 per year, same for Indonesia.

Accelerated progress for neonatal survival and promotion of health and wellbeing requires strengthening quality of care as well as ensuring availability of quality health services for the small and sick neonates.  
Imaging of the brain is essential in the diagnosis and management of neonates and infants presenting with neonatal encephalopathy (NE), seizures, unexplained apneas, infections, metabolic disorders, birth injuries and suspected structural brain abnormalities.  Source: China insights Consultancy